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泛亚电竞马克思主义学院院长张邦辉在《重庆日报》发表文章
发布时间:2021-12-07 作者: 浏览次数:

2021年12月2日出版的《重(zhong)庆(qing)日报(bao)》刊发泛亚电(dian)竞马(ma)克思主(zhu)义(yi)学院院长张邦辉(hui)教授《深(shen)刻认识(shi)中国特(te)色(se)社会主(zhu)义(yi)道路的唯一正确(que)性》一文,引发关注与讨论。

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张邦辉在文(wen)章中(zhong)表示(shi):党(dang)的(de)(de)十九(jiu)届六中(zhong)全会审议通过的(de)(de)《决(jue)议》把“坚持中(zhong)国(guo)道路(lu)”作为党(dang)百年奋斗(dou)的(de)(de)一条(tiao)宝贵历史经验(yan),用历史证(zheng)明了“中(zhong)国(guo)特(te)色社会主义是实现(xian)中(zhong)华(hua)民族伟大复兴的(de)(de)唯一正确道路(lu)”。其(qi)唯一正确性体现(xian)在以(yi)下三个方面。

中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)(te)色(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)“符(fu)合中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)实际”。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)(te)色(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)的(de)唯一(yi)(yi)正确(que)性(xing),在于它符(fu)合中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)实际。它是(shi)(shi)近(jin)(jin)代(dai)以(yi)来(lai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)艰辛探(tan)索(suo),不(bu)(bu)(bu)断甄别并选择的(de)必然产(chan)物。鸦片战争以(yi)来(lai),列(lie)强入侵,封(feng)建统(tong)治腐败,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)民族面临空前(qian)劫(jie)难。辛亥革(ge)命推翻了(le)统(tong)治中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)几千年的(de)封(feng)建君主(zhu)(zhu)专制制度,但中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)仍不(bu)(bu)(bu)能(neng)摆脱(tuo)半殖民地半封(feng)建的(de)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)性(xing)质。十月革(ge)命一(yi)(yi)声炮响,给中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)送来(lai)了(le)马(ma)(ma)克思列(lie)宁主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)。马(ma)(ma)克思列(lie)宁主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)在五(wu)(wu)四(si)运动中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)传播,孕育(yu)诞生了(le)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党的(de)诞生,是(shi)(shi)开天(tian)辟地的(de)大(da)事(shi)变,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)救(jiu)亡图存道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)由此有了(le)新(xin)的(de)选择,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党必须根(gen)(gen)据(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)实际开辟中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)。新(xin)民主(zhu)(zhu)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)革(ge)命时(shi)期(qi),以(yi)毛泽(ze)东同志(zhi)为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)(yao)代(dai)表的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党人,找(zhao)到(dao)了(le)适合中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)情的(de)道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu),即农村包(bao)围(wei)城市(shi)、武(wu)装(zhuang)夺取(qu)政权的(de)正确(que)道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)。社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)革(ge)命和(he)建设时(shi)期(qi),根(gen)(gen)据(ju)(ju)(ju)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)内主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)(yao)矛盾,通过“三大(da)改造”“一(yi)(yi)五(wu)(wu)计划”逐步向社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)过渡,进行社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)建设。在改革(ge)开放和(he)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)现代(dai)化建设新(xin)时(shi)期(qi),以(yi)邓小平、江泽(ze)民、胡锦涛(tao)同志(zhi)为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)(yao)代(dai)表的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党人根(gen)(gen)据(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)实际,在不(bu)(bu)(bu)同时(shi)期(qi)成功(gong)开创、坚持和(he)发展(zhan)了(le)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)(te)色(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi),推动中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)大(da)踏步赶(gan)上(shang)了(le)时(shi)代(dai)。党的(de)十八大(da)以(yi)来(lai),以(yi)习近(jin)(jin)平同志(zhi)为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)(yao)代(dai)表的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党人,更是(shi)(shi)根(gen)(gen)据(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)实际确(que)定(ding)新(xin)的(de)历史方位、历史任务,实现了(le)第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)个百年奋(fen)斗目(mu)标(biao)(biao),并制定(ding)了(le)实现第(di)(di)二个百年奋(fen)斗目(mu)标(biao)(biao)新(xin)征程(cheng)的(de)方略,朝着中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)民族伟大(da)复兴(xing)宏伟目(mu)标(biao)(biao)前(qian)进。历史证明,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)(te)色(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)是(shi)(shi)指(zhi)引(yin)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)发展(zhan)繁荣的(de)正确(que)道(dao)(dao)(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)。只(zhi)有社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)才能(neng)救(jiu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo),只(zhi)有中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)(te)色(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)才能(neng)发展(zhan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)(te)色(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)具有唯一(yi)(yi)正确(que)性(xing)。

中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)道(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)“反映中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)民(min)(min)意(yi)愿”。江山就(jiu)是(shi)人(ren)民(min)(min),人(ren)民(min)(min)就(jiu)是(shi)江山。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)道(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)正确性,离(li)不开(kai)对中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)民(min)(min)意(yi)愿的(de)(de)(de)(de)现(xian)(xian)实(shi)(shi)考量(liang)。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)产(chan)党成(cheng)(cheng)立以(yi)来,开(kai)辟了(le)正确道(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu),彻底(di)结束了(le)极少数统治者对广大(da)劳(lao)动人(ren)民(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)剥削历(li)(li)史(shi)。在社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)革命和(he)建设(she)时期,为(wei)了(le)保(bao)障(zhang)人(ren)民(min)(min)当家(jia)作主(zhu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)权利,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)产(chan)党制定正确的(de)(de)(de)(de)路(lu)(lu)线(xian)方针,推进工业化(hua)建设(she)和(he)各方面改(gai)革,实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)了(le)一(yi)穷二(er)白(bai)、人(ren)口众(zhong)多的(de)(de)(de)(de)东方大(da)国(guo)(guo)(guo)大(da)步迈进社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)社(she)(she)会的(de)(de)(de)(de)伟大(da)飞跃。在改(gai)革开(kai)放和(he)社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)建设(she)新时期,党开(kai)创、坚持和(he)发展中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi),领导人(ren)民(min)(min)进行各方面建设(she),取得重(zhong)大(da)成(cheng)(cheng)就(jiu),实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)了(le)人(ren)民(min)(min)生活从(cong)温饱不足到总(zong)体小康、奔向全(quan)面小康的(de)(de)(de)(de)历(li)(li)史(shi)性跨越。进入新时代(dai),全(quan)党全(quan)国(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)民(min)(min)以(yi)习近平新时代(dai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)思想为(wei)指导,以(yi)人(ren)民(min)(min)为(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin),完成(cheng)(cheng)脱贫奇迹(ji),全(quan)面建成(cheng)(cheng)小康社(she)(she)会,实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)第一(yi)个百年奋斗(dou)目标,人(ren)民(min)(min)获得感、幸福(fu)感、安全(quan)感更(geng)加(jia)充实(shi)(shi)、更(geng)有保(bao)障(zhang)、更(geng)可(ke)持续。实(shi)(shi)践探索表明,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色社(she)(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)反映了(le)人(ren)民(min)(min)意(yi)愿,而这不是(shi)其(qi)他什(shen)么主(zhu)义(yi)可(ke)以(yi)实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)和(he)满足的(de)(de)(de)(de),体现(xian)(xian)了(le)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)道(dao)(dao)路(lu)(lu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)正确性和(he)唯(wei)一(yi)性。

中国(guo)特色社(she)(she)会主义道(dao)路(lu)(lu)“适应(ying)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)要求(qiu)(qiu)”。中国(guo)特色社(she)(she)会主义道(dao)路(lu)(lu)的(de)(de)唯(wei)一(yi)正确性(xing)还(hai)在(zai)(zai)于它能够“适应(ying)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)要求(qiu)(qiu)”,根据(ju)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)特征不(bu)断(duan)作出调(diao)整,保证其生命力。在(zai)(zai)革命、建设、改革的(de)(de)不(bu)同历史时(shi)(shi)(shi)期,我们党根据(ju)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)主题,时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)变化,制定系列(lie)(lie)重大(da)举措,回答(da)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)之问,始终走(zou)在(zai)(zai)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)前列(lie)(lie)。而(er)党的(de)(de)百年奋斗,使马克(ke)思主义时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)化不(bu)断(duan)取得(de)成(cheng)功,使历史演(yan)进及与资本主义的(de)(de)较量,发(fa)生了(le)有(you)利于社(she)(she)会主义的(de)(de)重大(da)转变。时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)是(shi)出卷人(ren),人(ren)民(min)是(shi)阅(yue)卷人(ren),中国(guo)共产党坚持和发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)中国(guo)特色社(she)(she)会主义交出了(le)人(ren)民(min)满意的(de)(de)答(da)卷,引领(ling)了(le)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)潮流,证明了(le)道(dao)路(lu)(lu)的(de)(de)正确性(xing),这条(tiao)道(dao)路(lu)(lu)“不(bu)仅走(zou)得(de)对、走(zou)得(de)通,而(er)且也一(yi)定能够走(zou)得(de)稳、走(zou)得(de)好”。